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Celestia (TIA): Overview and Functionality

December 15, 2023

4 min

Celestia (TIA): Overview and Functionality

Celestia represents a cutting-edge, highly scalable modular blockchain infrastructure, fostering easy and innovative development of rollups and Layer 2 solutions. Dive into the details of what Celestia (TIA) is and how it operates, presenting a compelling alternative to the popular Layer 1 blockchain.

What is Celestia (TIA) and its Origin?

Launched in October 2023, with its prototype dating back to 2019, Celestia (TIA) was initiated by industry experts including Mustafa Al-Bassam, CEO and Chainspace co-founder Ismail Khoffi, former Tendermint engineer, and John Adler e Nick White. The protocol raised $55 million across Series A and B funding rounds, achieving a unicorn status valued at over $1 billion. Key venture capitalists like Coinbase Ventures, Jump Crypto, Placeholder, Galaxy, and Delphi Digital have backed the project.

How Does Celestia (TIA) Work?

Celestia’s standout feature is its modern modular architecture, addressing the persistent issue of data availability in blockchains. Unlike monolithic networks, modular networks like Celestia allow for segregating core functions (execution, settlement, consensus, and data availability) across different consensus layers as per network needs.

In Celestia, the Consensus Layer is solely responsible for transaction ordering and availability, leaving execution and validation to higher layers. This structure reduces network complexity and grants developers more autonomy, enabling swift innovation and experimentation in decentralised applications.

Simply put, Celestia (TIA) is a Layer 1 infrastructure utilising a Proof-of-Stake consensus mechanism, simplifying the creation of custom networks.

TIA: Native and Governance Tokens

Technologically, Celestia (TIA) is an innovative Layer 1 blockchain. Its utility and governance token functions are similar to those of other cryptos like Avalanche (AVAX), Solana (SOL), and Ethereum (ETH). The TIA token is crucial for network usage, needed for paying gas fees and processing transactions. Like Ethereum’s Layer 2, TIA will be the currency for fee payment on networks built on it. This benefits developers by eliminating the need to create a separate token for their projects.

For decentralised ecosystems, Celestia uses its token for governance, requiring TIA holding for protocol voting. The total supply of Celestia is capped at one billion units, allocated as follows at launch:

  • 26.8% reserved for research and development by the Celestia Foundation.
  • 20% public, including genesis drop and incentives for future initiatives.
  • 19.7% allocated to Series A and B investors.
  • 17.6% reserved for Celestia Labs members.
  • 15.9% for project supporters (seed stage).

Celestia (TIA): Airdrop and Future Prospects

Understanding Celestia involves recognising its launch method. TIA was distributed via airdrop to project-contributing developers, some users of Ethereum’s Layer 2, Cosmos (ATOM) and Osmosis (OSMO) stackers.

Celestia, unlike many blockchain protocols, doesn’t follow a conventional roadmap, as it’s an infrastructure designed to host projects. Its future relies on the decentralised applications and Layer 2 networks that will be developed on it.


In summary, Celestia (TIA) is a state-of-the-art modular infrastructure potentially revolutionising blockchain technology. Its unique architecture, which separates execution, consensus, and data availability functions, offers high scalability and flexibility, promoting the development of efficient, customisable decentralised applications and Layer 2 networks. The TIA token is not only vital for network operations but also plays a significant role in governance, empowering stakeholders to shape the protocol’s future.